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What is Periodontics?

Periodontics is the area of dentistry which looks after the structures that support our teeth. The gums, sockets, and bone which hold our teeth are all part of periodontics. Periodontal care helps to protect against tooth loss and promotes the health and well-being in our oral and general health.

In routine check-ups, your dentist will assess your mouth for signs of inflammation, gum disease and oral cancer. Removing plaque is crucial in maintaining healthy gums and fighting against gum disease and tooth decay or tooth loss. Periodontics also involves looking at the implementation of dental implants and checking that these are kept healthy.

What can be treated?

Periodontal care can help to:

  • Identify and treat gum disease before it progresses
  • Help you to maintain your oral health
  • Treat gingivitis – when plaque builds up on your teeth and isn’t treated, it can become more problematic. Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums which can become red and painful
  • Treat periodontitis – this is where gingivitis, when not treated, develops into periodontitis. The gums pull away from the tooth which develops into pockets containing bacteria. These pockets can become inflamed and infected.


Periodontists are also experts in replacing missing teeth. They can help with:

  • Dental implants
  • Gum graft surgery
  • Regenerative procedures
  • Dental crown lengthening
  • Plastic surgery procedures

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Frequently asked questions 

What is periodontitis?

Periodontitis or periodontal disease is the professional term for gum disease. It can lead to a serious infection which if left untreated can cause harm to your gums and lead to you needing a tooth removed.

What causes periodontal disease?

Most often, periodontitis is caused by poor dental hygiene with patients not brushing their teeth properly causing the build-up of plaque leading to damage to the gums.

What are the symptoms of periodontitis?

Early symptoms can include bleeding whilst brushing, soreness, redness and swelling of the gums. Gums may begin to recede. Gum disease is hard to detect and there may be few symptoms so it’s vital that you regularly attend your dental and hygienist appointments.

Do many people suffer with periodontal disease?

Yes, almost half the population has periodontitis in some form with about 10% experiencing the most severe form which causes tooth loss.

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